Every child is entitled to a beautiful childhood filled with moments of joy, pranks, inquisitiveness, learning and laughter. Imagine, if children are stigmatized, criticized or rejected by the society for their behavior or learning inability, then such a societal intervention can seize the spirit of childhood at an early age. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that commonly exists among young children, teens and can even extend into adulthood. 30-50% of children with ADHD also have various learning disabilities as stated by several research studies. Such an interaction between the two conditions can soar up the challenges of learning.
ADHD is characterized by a continuous pattern of impulsiveness, distractions, lack of concentration, hyperactivity and mood swings that interferes with the overall development of the child. Here, ADHD can be associated with the impairment in performing the executive functions of the brain that aids in regulating, organizing and integrating activities and decisions of a person. These behavioral issues occur at a higher frequency by interfering with the daily functions of a child. For instance: A child may seem brimming around non- stop without apparent regard to his/her own safety. This can be extremely dangerous. Likewise, a child may be unable to control his impulsiveness and may keep talking excessively and also interrupting conversations of others. Behavioral problems of children have been labelled with several tags like impulsive disorder, hyperkinesis, minimal brain dysfunction and attention deficit disorder (ADD) with or without hyperactivity.
- United States has 5.9 million children who have been diagnosed with ADHD in the age group of 3 to 17 years.
- A study in India conducted in the primary schools in the Coimbatore district states that the prevalence of ADHD in children between the age group of 6 to 11 years amounted to 11.33%.
- Prevalence of ADHD is higher in males in comparison to females.
- An estimate suggests that almost 2.5% of the school aged children and adults in the UK have ADHD.
- Surveys have stated that in Australia 3-5 of every 100 children have ADHD.
Though ADHD cannot be cured;the symptoms of ADHD can be managed with effective medicines and behavioral therapy.
The advancements in medical stream have provided a new line of hope for children as well as for adults. Let’s discuss about ADHD in adults in the forthcoming articles.