The name Bhagat Singh luminates forever in the history of Indian freedom struggle. A young, dynamic, and noble martyr who ignited the flame of patriotism in the heart of millions. He shall always be remembered as a voracious*voracious*
➤ (s) excessively greedy and grasping
➤ (s) devouring or craving food in great quantities
…by BeeDictionary.com reader, a commendable writer with extraordinary oratory skills and amazing memory; who was driven by his passion for freeing his chained motherland from the British. He sacrificed his life for the country at a young age of 23. He is thus bestowed with the title of Shaheed or Shaheed-E- Azam, the greatest of the martyrs.
Bhagat Singh’s life:
Bhagat Singh was born to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati on 27th September 1907 in Banga village of Lyallpur district of the Punjab province of British India. He was born into a family of patriots which instilled the spirit of patriotism in him at a very young age. His father Kishan Singh was in jail for participating in the agitation against the Canal Colonization Bill at the time of his birth. His uncle Sardar Ajit Singh was also a known patriot.
Bhagat Singh dis his primary schooling from a village school and was further enrolled in Dayanand Anglo Vedic School in Lahore by his father Kishan Singh. Sometime later, Mahatma Gandhi called up for the entire nation to participate in the non-co-operation movement. Inspired by this call, Bhagat Singh took a plunge into the non-cooperative movement and set ablaze government sponsored books and clothes. Jallianwala Bagh massacre left him hurt brutally. This was followed by a Chauri Chaura incident, the consequences of this led Gandhiji to withdraw his movement. Bhagat Singh was deeply hurt by this act of Gandhiji and then decided to Young Revolutionary movement.
While he was pursuing his graduation at National College Lahore, his family wanted him to get married. He then rejected the proposal of his father saying, “If I have to marry in Slaved, Chained India, then I shall prefer to embrace death as my bride”. He then joined the Hindustan Republican Association a team of freedom fighters. This party was later renamed as Hindustan Socailist Republican Association. He then returned home and wrote articles for Kirti magazine.
Simon Commission witnessed a protest from scores of freedom fighters under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai in the year 1928. This was followed by a lathi charge by the police officials on the activists injuring several of them. Lalaji succumbed to his injuries and enraged with this, Bhagat Singh with his associates plotted to murder Mr Scott, who ordered the lathi charge. Mr J. P Saunders, another police official was killed in this attempt due to a mistaken identity. The British government was shaken by this and were trying to chase the plotters. Bhagat Singh disguised himself and escaped to Lahore.
The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association planned to explode bombs in the assembly premises to showcase their dissent towards the Defence of India Act. The responsibility of executing this plan was taken over by Bhagat Singh along with Batukeshwar Dutt who exploded this bombs in vacant areas of the assembly and surrendered themselves too.
The Trial and the Death Sentence:
The investigations of Saunders murder, accelerated into several interrogations, where British government learnt about the plot and the names of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru featured as prime suspects. Bhagat Singh and his friends used the Trial as a platform to convey their ideals and mission statement calling the Indian youths to participate in the freedom struggle and the courtrooms started flooding with millions of supporters.
During his stay in the prison, Singh noticed the discriminative treatment given to Indian prisoners in comparison to the foreign ones. Bhagat Singh and his associates went on a hunger strike for 116 days to show their protest against this discrimination. The British government tried to end this hunger strike through various means. This incident enraged the entire nation and innumerable youths participate in freedom struggle. The flame of patriotism was ignited and a wave of agitation against the British government swept the whole country. Finally, British government accepted the demands.
The trial concluded convicting Bhagat Singh and his associates for the plotting Saunders murder and bombing in the assembly premises. The tragic day arrived on 23rd March 1931 when Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged in Lahore and cremated at Hussainwala on the banks of the river Sutlej.
This brave young heart only dreamt of freeing his motherland. 23rd March is commemorated as Martyr’s Day.