Why Bees Are Important?

The population of the bees has been on a decline since the past few decades. And even though the thought might not initially appall*appall*
➤ (v) strike with disgust or revulsion
➤ (v) fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
…by BeeDictionary.com
you, bees are very important for our ecosystem. With the 30% decline in the population of bees every year, it is of grave concern for the ecosystem*ecosystem*
➤ (n) a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
…by BeeDictionary.com
as the bees play a vital role in maintaining a balance species and their environment.

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Why Do Humans Need Bees?

Bees pollinate a third of everything we eat! A study published in Nature Communication found that only 2% of wild bee species are responsible for 80% of crop pollination that is observed globally. Which means that if this small percentage of bees disappear then 80% of our agriculture system will collapse. This includes most fruits and vegetables, many nuts, and plants, as well as cocoa beans, coffee, and tea. The annual global crop pollination by bees is estimated to be a worth UDS $170 billion[1]. Apart from their monetary value bees make invaluable contribution to our ecosystem.

Bees’ Contribution to the Ecosystem* *

Bees help facilitate proper functioning of the ecosystem. As we know, bees allow plants to reproduce through pollination. These plants in turn contribute to the food system by providing food for humans, animals, and birds. Lack of food would cause a collapse in the food chain. Also without the help of bees, there will be excess pollen in the air, as no cross-pollination will take place. This will create a harmful living environment for all living beings, causing various breathing, skin, and other problems.

Why Are Bees at Risk?

The biggest factor contributing to the decline in the bee population is pesticides, apart from climate changes. These harmful chemicals affect their productivity, as well as are responsible for killing bees. Neonicotinoids present in pesticides are responsible for attacking the insect’s nervous system that leads to immediate death, or causing them to become disoriented.[2] Researchers have realized the impact of such loss, and the government of many countries has now banned the use of this pesticide. Thus promoting bee friendly and organic ways of farming. However there is a long way to go before we can completely eliminate this harmful chemical from the world’s agriculture system.

You Can Help!

There are many ways in which you can help in keeping the bees alive in your area. These include:

  • Support organic farming.
  • Spread the word about importance of bees
  • Plant bee-friendly plants in your area or garden.

References:
[1] http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jun/17/why-are-bees-important
[2] http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/why-bees-matter-so-much-to-humans/