The human brain has 100 billion neurons, each neuron connected to 10 thousand other neurons. Sitting on your shoulders is the most complicated object in the known Universe – Michio Kaku
How true is this quote! Human brain is one of the most complex mazes ever solved in the history of mankind. Bipolar disorder is a manic depressive illness of the brain that leads to frequent mood swings and shifts in the energy levels of a person. Teens travel through various phases of life and undergo several changes too. Parents may tend to confuse a few symptoms of bipolar disorder with temper tantrums or irritable mood while other symptoms of this illness can result is severe consequences. Bipolar disorder can result in poor performance in schools/colleges, damaged relationships, and sometimes suicides too. There is no permanent cure for this illness but one can manage the symptoms with medication and treatment.
Causes for Bipolar disorder:
It is believed that Bipolar disorder is genetic in nature. Hormonal changes can also trigger Bipolar disorder. Mental stress, abuse of certain traumatic events in life can lead to Bipolar disorder. At times, the imbalance in the neurotransmitters in the brain can result in the bipolar disorder.
The signs and symptoms of Bipolar Disorder may depend on the kind of bipolar disorder a person has. One of the vital feature of Bipolar disorder is the existence of extreme mood swings either extreme highs or extreme lows. Extreme high moods are termed as mania and extreme lows as depression.
Manic phase symptoms:
- An extremely happy mood, with enormous energy.
- Talking at an extremely faster pace.
- Irritation and distraction.
- Feeling hallucinated or being complacent.
- Less interest in eating and sleeping.
Depressive phase symptoms:
- A feeling of despair and guilt.
- Lack of energy with problems in memorizing and concentrating.
- Feeling hallucinated and pessimistic
- Lack of interest in performing any activity.
- Difficulty In sleeping and loss of appetite.
- Feeling of loneliness and disturbed mindset.
- Suicidal thoughts.
Bipolar disorder can be treated with the help of psychotherapy and mood stabilizing drugs.
Our forthcoming articles shall give you an understanding of Types of Bipolar disorders