July immortalizes Julius Caesar

William Shakespeare revived the history of Rome through his classic, ‘The tragedy of Julius Caesar.’ The utterance of “Et tu, Brute?” or “You too Brutus?” remains one of the most remarkable phrases in the history of literature. Julius Caesar was one of the most prominent Roman statesman. His role in the rise of the Roman Empire was instrumental. July, the 7th month of the year was named after Gaius Julius Caesar.

Image source: freedocumentaryonline.org
Image source: freedocumentaryonline.org
July was initially called Quintilis (means ‘five’ in Latin) as it was the fifth month of the ancient Roman year. The revision of the Roman calendar year led to the addition of two months i.e. January and February. This made Quintilis, the seventh month of the year. It was in the year 44 B.C. when Quintilis was renamed as Iulius (Julius) and later changed to July. This also led to the addition of 1 extra day in the month of July. Therefore, the month of July now boasts of spanning for 31 days.

The transition of the name from Quintilis to July was initiated to honor this great general of the Raman Empire as he was responsible for various administrative reforms at Rome. The Julian calendar was the first one to opine that after the completion 3 successive years with 365 days, appears the 4th year which has 366 days in it. This extra day was added to the month of February. The Julian calendar was the first to introduce January as the first month to the Roman calendar year. The Julian calendar was further revised by Pope Gregory XIII in the year 1582 A.D.

I hope now you know that the name of July is attributed to Julius Caesar.