The slogan of “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do aur Main Tumhe Aazadi dunga” has been inscribed in the history of India in golden letters. Every word from this slogan spilled enormous amount of patriotism and the man who gave us this slogan is construed to be an epitome*epitome*
➤ (n) a standard or typical example
➤ (n) a brief abstract (as of an article or book)
…by BeeDictionary.com of patriotism and he is Subhash Chandra Bose. Fondly referred to as ‘Netaji’, Subhash Chandra Bose founded the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ to drive the British out of India.
Bose was born to Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhavati Devi on 23rd January 1897 at Cuttack, Orissa (now Odisha). His father was a prominent lawyer while his mother was a religious lady. Bose was the 9th child out of 14 children. He was greatly influenced by Swami Vivekananda and was extremely bright in academics. He received the Top rank in the matriculation*matriculation*
➤ (n) admission to a group (especially a college or university)
…by BeeDictionary.com examination in the entire province of Calcutta (now Kolkata). He was enrolled in the Scottish Churches College and graduated in Philosophy with a First class. The spirit of Patriotism was seen in him since his childhood as he never missed an opportunity to participate in activities that portrayed the grave need of freedom.
He then moved to England to complete his Indian Services Competitive Examinations to fulfil the dreams of his parents. He excelled with a fourth rank in the Indian Civil Services Examination in the year 1920. It was during his tenure as an apprentice of Civil Services, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occurred and hurt him immensely. He immediately quit the Civil Services and decided to serve his nation by returning to India in the year 1921.
Impressed with the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. Bose joined the Indian National Congress and worked under the guidance of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das. The year 1928 proved to be a turning point in the life of Subhash Chandra Bose as he was deeply hurt by the action of Motilal Nehru committee led by Congress. The committee agreed to the terms of Dominion Status wherein Bose demanded ‘Complete Independence’ for India. He then swept himself into the process of forming of Independence league. The outbreak of the Civil Disobedience Movement in the year 1930 led him to prison. He was shattered to see that Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged as a result of assent given by Gandhiji to sign the Irwin pact and the inability shown by Congress in saving the life of a great revolutionary. He then protested against the Irwin Pact and suspension of the Civil Disobedience movement.
He was then arrested and banned from entering India again since he was associated with some revolutionary groups known as the Bengal Volunteers. Though he defied the ban and returned, he was imprisoned again. After serving his imprisonment, he moved to Europe as he was forced to live in exile. He was back in India in 1936 and was elected to the post of the president of the Indian National Congress and advocated for formation of a National Planning Commission in India. He was re-elected as the president of the Indian National Congress defeating Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya, a candidate nominated by Gandhiji.
It was the time when the world was on the verge of witnessing the World War II and Bose was adamant on not letting India being dragged into the war by the British. So he warned the British through a resolution to free India within a span of 6 months failing which the British would be pitted against a great revolt. It was an extremely firm stand and so faced opposition. He then resigned from the post of the president and decided to set India free from British. He then formed the progressive group known as Forward Block in 1939.
His extreme determination to free his motherland resulted in him starting a mass movement against the British. He called for Indian men and women to participate in this movement and several Indians took a plunge into this movement. Noticing his popularity the British kept him in a house arrest in 1941. He then fled to Germany via Afghanistan in the guise of a ‘pathan’. He sought help from Germany and Japan as both the countries were rivals of England as he believed that ‘the enemy of my enemy is my friend’.
His broadcast from Radio Berlin ignited the flame of patriotism in India and boosted the spirit of other revolutionary groups fighting for freedom. He had the support of the Axis powers (mainly Germany and Japan) and also wanted to start the ‘Indian National Army’ or the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’. He reached Singapore and formed the Indian National Army with the Indian prisoners of war. The Azad hind Fauj under his guidance declared a war against British and released the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British. In the year 1944, the headquarters of INA were established in Rangoon. INA then progressed through Burma to reach Indian land on the 18th of March 1944. His oratory skills, leadership qualities and fierce attitude were unmatchable and led the INA to declare a war cry “Delhi Chalo”.
The defeat of Germany and mainly Japan (as Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed killing millions) in the World War II was a major set- back for INA too and the Azad Hind Fauj was unable to fulfil its dream and had to retreat. A wave of shock struck the whole world when it was reported that the plane in which Subhash Chandra Bose had boarded crashed on 18th August 1945 near Taipei, Taiwan and was killed. Several rumors rose about his survival but nothing has been proved till date.
Just 2 years post his demise, our motherland India was free. I wish he would have lived to see it all by himself.