Mnemonics – An Extensive Guide

Mnemonics is a learning technique that helps in better retaining information to our memory. Mnemonics aim to translate information in a form that is easier to remember than its original form. Stringing together words to form a simple sentence that is easy to remember is the most common practice. This is popularly known as expression/word mnemonic.

For example: to remember the order of planets most people use

“My Very Educated Mother Just Showed Us Nine Planets”
(Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, & Pluto)

“My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Noodles” (without Pluto version)

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However there are 9 different types of mnemonics that include: 1. **Music Mnemonics** – Songs and jingles can be made to remember information. A good example of this is how children learn how to remember alphabets. 2. **Name Mnemonics** – The first letter of each word is combined into a new word. For example VIBGYOR stands for the colours of the rainbow (Voilet, Indigo, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, and Red). 3. **Expression/Word Mnemonics** – The most popular type, this involves making an expression from the first letter of each item in the list. The example for the same has been mentioned above with context to learning the names of the planets in our solar system. 4. **Model Mnemonics **– in model mnemonics a representation is constructed in order to understand and recall important information. These could include circular sequence model, a pyramid model of stages, pie charts, or a box sequence. Such models must be accompanied with words/lists in order make recall easier. For example:
The Basic OSI Model can me memorised using mnemonics like the image along with a phrases like All People Seem To Need Data Processing Image Source:
  1. *Ode/Rhyme Mnemonics *– here information is put in the form of a poem. A famous example of this is the poem used to remember number of days in each month.30 days hath September, April, June, and November.
    All the rest have 31
    Except February my dear son.
    *It has 28 and that is fine
    But in Leap Year it has 29.*

  2. *Note Organization Mnemonics – *the way textbooks and lecture notes are organised can promote learning and recall. Examples of organizing note formats that promote recall include:


Notecards are an effective way to organize main ideas and relevant details. One can format main ideas in possible questions, and put pointers of relevant information that must be included in the answer for that question. This explained better in the picture below:

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**Outlines separate main ideas from details. This helps organise information in the mind. For example:

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1. *Image Mnemonics – *the information is constructed in the form of a picture in order to promote recall of information faster. The sillier the image the easier the recall. You don’t have to worry about how good the drawing or image is as long as it helps you recall information. For example:

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1. Connection Mnemonics – *while using connection mnemonics one connects information to be remember to something already known. For example in order to remember how the longitude and latitude lines run across the globe, if you read the first part of the word *latitude it rhymes with flat, and flat runs horizontal, thus East and West. And the first part of the word longitude refers to long, which associates with vertical thus North and South.

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1. Spelling Mnemonics – With so many different spellings to similar sounding words, or just difficult words to remember, teachers have used a few different methods to help children remember spellings. Some of these include:Example 1: A principal at a school is your pal, and a principle you believe or follow is a rule.

Example 2: GeographyGeorge Edward’s Old Grandma Rode A*Pig *Home Yesterday

The key to effective use of mnemonic*mnemonic*
➤ (n) a device (such as a rhyme or acronym) used to aid recall
➤ (a) of or relating to or involved the practice of aiding the memory
is to come up with an easy to remember phrase than the terms you are trying to learn. And an easy way to remember the nine types of mnemonics is via the word mnemonics it self! See how:

M – Music Mnemonics
N – Name Mnemonics
E – Expression Mnemonics
M – Model Mnemonics
O – Ode Mnemonics
N – Note Mnemonics
I *– Image Mnemonics
– Connection Mnemonics
S – Spelling Mnemonics

Use this fun-learning tool to add some colour to your boring studying material. This will make learning more interesting, and memorizing a cakewalk.