The First Flight - Wright Brothers

17th December was the first time two pioneers took the world’s first successful motor flight. The Wright Brothers, Oliver and Wilbur were two American brothers who invested and built the world’s first motor airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight on December 17th, 1903. The day has been dedicated to their hard work and groundbreaking invention, and it is fondly remembered as the Wrights Brother Day.

The Wright brothers were born to Milton Wright and Susan Catherine Koerner in 1867, and 1871 respectively. They had five other siblings who they grew up with in Massachusetts. Both brothers attended high school but did not receive any diploma due to a sudden shift of homes to Richmond, Indiana in 1884. After a few jobs here and there the brothers went on to open bicycle repair and sales shop in December 1892 to capitalize on the growing bicycle craze. In 1896 they began manufacturing their own brand of cycles, and used the fund collected from this endeavor to fund their keen interest in flight.

Childhood Photos, Image Source:
Cycle Shop, Image Source:
In 1899 Wilbur wrote a letter to the Smithsonian Institution requesting information and publications about aeronautics. They took inspiration, and [studied******studied** ➤ (a) produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation …by ****]( the works of Sir George Cayley, Chanute, Lilienthal, Leonardo da Vinci, and Langley to begin their experiments with regards to mechanical aeronautics. The brothers followed the footsteps of Lilienthal of practicing gliding in order to master the art of control before attempting motor-driven flight. However, they added other ideas to his method, and picked out the flaws in order to perfect their flight.
Non Motor Flight, Image Source:
They carried out various man driven flights and [studied******studied** ➤ (a) produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation …by ****]( different aspects that were affecting the aero-dynamics of the gliders to perfect their hand on the gliders. In 1903 the brothers built the powered Wright Flyer I. They took the help of the their shop mechanic, Charlie Taylor, who built an engine in six weeks as per the requirements of the brothers. However, after many delays and bad weather days the brothers finally took to the air on December 17th, 1903.
Photo: First flight of the Wright Flyer I, December 17, 1903, Orville piloting, Wilbur running at wingtip. Image Source:
The brothers’ ultimate breakthrough was the invention of the three-axis control that enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and maintain its equilibrium. This method to date remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. The brothers were focused on finding a reliable piloting method and believed it was the key to the flying problem. Their contribution in the field of aeronautical engineering has been revolutionary, even though many controversies persist on their claims of the first motor flight. But on this day we must remember and recognize their great talent, hard work, and groundbreaking contribution in the field of aeronautical engineering.
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